The pug is normally either fawn coloured with a black ears and black mask, or is completely black. However rarely they could come in apricot, silver and white. The head is probably the most noticeable feature of the pug; large, heavily wrinkled and a black mask with bulging dark eyes.
Origin of the Pug
The breed originated in China. The Pug breed was introduced to Europe as early as the 16th century. It was one of the small breeds, along with the Pekingese who were treasured and spoiled by Chinese royalty. No one knows how the pug made its way from the East to the West, but the most likely theory is that they were brought to Holland by Dutch or Portuguese merchants who traded in China.
Typical Female and Male Pug sizes
The pug is the largest dog breed in the Toy Group. Adult pugs typically weigh between 7kg to 11kg. The height could vary from 26cm to 35cm. The females in general tend to be slightly smaller than the males and also the fawns are typically bigger than t black pugs.
Short haired – Fawn coloured pugs are double coated whereas black pugs are single coated. Pugs with a double coats tend to shed more than Pugs with single coats, so this should be taken into consideration when acquiring a pug.
Temperament of a Pug
Pugs have great temperaments, a great family dog who gets on with children and other pets. Even though the pug’s face may seem concerned, they are a happy breed, which is indicated by its constant curly tail. The comical natured breed does require a lot of attention from the owners, so don’t acquire the breed if you are looking for an independent dog who can keep himself entertained.
Exercising your Pug
Due to the size and the short face, pugs do not require a large amount of exercise. Recommended amount would be 20-30 minute walk a day. It is advised not to walk them in an extremely hot weather. Pugs will often sleep over half a day and will love nothing more than taking a good long nap after just a few minutes of exercise
Health problems that Pugs can suffer from
The breed could potentially have certain health issues, although not necessarily. These could include; an inflammation of the brain and the surrounding membranes (Pug Dog Encephalitis), Collapsing Trachea, skin diseases, hip problems and scratched eyes. It is, therefore highly recommended to obtain a good reliable pet insurance as well as a good vet.
Life Expectancy and cost of a Pug
Pugs typically live for an average of 12 years but with lots of good love and attention this can be greatly extended. You can expect to pay around £900 for a well breed pug, this figure can raise to well in excess of £1000 dependent on the breeder.
Puppy Pugs are full of energy for short periods just like any other toy breed of pup, you will need to puppy proof your home as the go at warp speed when in the mood. Most good breeders will not let the puppies leave their mother until at least they are 13 weeks old. Always ensure you acquire your pug puppy from a kc registered breeder.
Dog Groups that the Pug is related to
Pugs are well and truly related to the toy group and love nothing more than lazing around. Pug have all the characteristics of most toy dogs.
Breeds similar to the Pug
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, English Bulldog, Pekingese, are toy breeds which have the same features as the Pug, such as a short muzzled face and a habit of snoring.