Jack Russell Terriers will have primarily white bodies with a combination of markings, either black, tan, or a combination of the two (known as tri-colour).
Origins of the Jack Russell Terrier
Jack Russell’s are the descendants of the now extinct English White terrier. They were first bred by the Reverend John Russell, a hunting enthusiast and namesake for the breed, for their need to be distinguishable from their prey when working on a hunt. Jack Russell’s were first recognised as a distinct breed in the 1850s. Following World War II, the need for hunting dogs lessened, and so Jack Russell’s became increasingly used as pets.
Sizes of Typical Male and Female Jack Russell Terriers
The Jack Russell is classed as a medium sized dog, with a height varying from 25cm to 38cm. Adult Jack Russell’s typically weigh between 6.4 and 8.2 kg. There does not tend to be a height difference between males and females.
Jack Russell Terrier Temperament
These dogs, being extremely intelligent, require a lot of stimulation, both physical and mental, or they can become moody and destructive. Also, dogs that are not properly socialised can be stubborn and possibly aggressive towards other animals and humans. Obedience training is recommended to anyone considering bringing a Jack Russell Terrier into their home.
Jack Russell Terrier Coats
Coats vary from smooth to rough, or a combination of the two which is known as broken coated. Brushing with a soft currycomb up to twice a week is the recommended grooming regime, regardless of coat type.
Exercise Your Jack Russell Terrier
This breed is particularly energetic, and potential owners should ensure they have the time (and energy!) to exercise these dogs daily, often for several hours at a time. Their high energy and intelligence make Jack Russell Terriers an ideal breed for disciplines such as agility or flyball.
What Health Problems can Jack Russell Terriers Suffer From?
Jack Russell’s are known for their remarkably good health, yet some strains of the breed are genetically predisposed to eye and patella (knee-cap) related weaknesses. However, as a whole, they remain one of the healthiest dog breeds.
The Life Expectancy of a Jack Russell Terrier
Due to their famous good health, Jack Russell Terriers can live anywhere from 13 to 16 years on average with proper care.
The Cost of a Jack Russell Terrier
The average cost of a Jack Russell puppy is between £300-500.
Jack Russell Terrier Puppies
Jack Russell puppies are energetic and playful, and dislike being alone. Ideally, training should begin as soon as possible to avoid bad habits (such as chewing) from developing. When buying your puppy, always ask to see the mother, and the father if possible, to avoid disreputable breeders or puppy farmers.
Dog Groups Related to Jack Russell Terriers
Similar Breeds to the Jack Russell Terrier
Fox terrier, Parson Russell terrier, Tenterfield terrier, Rat terrier, Yorkshire Terrier